Verification of Gross Mass of a Container Carrying Cargo

Verification of Gross Mass of a Container Carrying Cargo by METHOD 1

 

1.  Pack and Seal the Container

2.  Weigh the Container
Weigh the packed container using calibrated and certified equipment

3.  Shipper’s Declaration
For the verified gross mass of a packed container obtained by the above-mentioned method, a declaration shall be made in the shipping documents. Such a declaration should cover the below content:

“Shipper’s declaration: the gross mass of packed container declared in the shipping document was obtained in accordance with Method 1 stipulated in SOLAS Chapter VI Regulation 2 and followed by the signature of the shipper.

 

Verification of Gross Mass of a Container Carrying Cargo by METHOD 2

 

1.  Acquiring the Masses of the Cargoes to be Loaded into the Container
The types of cargoes carried by containers are extensive. Generally they can be divided into two main categories as shown below.

 

1.1   Homogenous Cargoes
Basically the shapes and masses of individual homogenous items are identical. For instance, the mass of every packed television set is 20 kg. If the shipper intends to load 100 numbers of television sets to a container, the gross mass of cargoes should be 20 kg x 100 numbers, which gives 2,000 kg.

The shipper can rely on the mass information provided by the manufacturer or determine by weighing to obtain the masses of individual items.

1.2   Irregular Cargoes
The common irregular cargoes include bulk commodities and liquids. Weighing the irregular cargoes by adopting Method 2 is almost the same as the practice for homogenous cargoes. However the masses of individual items would not be identical due to the irregular shape of those cargoes. The shipper shall therefore have to weigh every item or make use of the filling machine with mass measuring device. It is more appropriate to use Method 1 for such kind of cargoes (i.e. weighing the packed container by authorized weighing scale).

 

2.  Acquiring the Masses of Packaging
All the masses of packaging can be determined by weighing or can be relied on the information provided by the manufacturer for the required calculation.

 

3.  Acquiring the Masses of Securing Materials
All the masses of the securing materials such as pallets and dunnage, etc. (as shown in the figure) can be determined by weighing or can be relied on the information provided by the manufacturer for the required calculation.

container

 

4.  Acquiring the Tare Container Mass

In general, the tare mass of the container has been indicated in the field of “TARE WEIGHT” on the door end of the container (as shown in the figure). Should there be any reasons the tare mass cannot be determined in a timely manner, the corresponding carrier can be consulted.

container2

 

5.  Adding up all the Masses
The masses obtained in step 1, step 2, step 3 and step 4 should be added to work out the gross mass of the packed container.

 

6.  Shipper’s Declaration
For the verified gross mass of a packed container obtained by the above-mentioned method, a declaration shall be made in the shipping documents. Such a declaration should cover the below content:

“Shipper’s declaration: the gross mass of packed container declared in the shipping document was obtained in accordance with Method 2 stipulated in SOLAS Chapter VI Regulation 2 and followed by the signature of the shipper.

 

Example (1)
Assuming a shipper plans to employ a container for transportation of 5,000 bags of rice. The mass of each bag of rice is 5 kg according to the information provided by the rice manufacturer. The mass of all the securing materials is 650 kg as determined by weighing. The tare mass shown on the container indicates 3,000 kg.

From the above information, the gross mass of the packed container should be 5,000 bags of rice x 5 kg + 650 kg + 3,000 kg = 28,650 kg

 

Example (2)
Assuming a shipper plans to employ a container for transportation of 3 types of wire ropes with different thicknesses. After weighing, the mass of A type is 4,200 kg per coil, the quantity is 1 coil; the mass of B type is 6,000 kg per coil, the quantity is 2 coils; and the mass of C type is 3,500 kg per coil, 2 coils.

The mass of packaging is 80 kg as determined by weighing. The mass of securing materials is 500 kg. The tare mass shown on the container indicates 3,000 kg.

From the above information, the gross mass of the packed container should be

1 coil x 4,200 kg + 2 coils x 6,000 kg + 2 coils x 3,500 kg + 80 kg + 500 kg + 3,000 kg  = 26,780 kg

UPCOMING REGULATORY CHANGE: SOLAS VGM

Beginning July 1, 2016 the Safety of Life at Sea Convention (SOLAS) requirements will be put into effect.  All packed export containers will legally need verified gross mass (VGM) declaration, including all standard sea freight containers, tank containers, flat racks and bulk containers. Almost all global shipping volume will be subjected to this new SOLAS regulation. This will affect export operations worldwide as every country will work to comply with these new regulations, however Worldwide Logistics has been monitoring and reporting SOLAS updates throughout its development, and will guide our clients in order to remain compliant with VGM and minimize any impact to current operational flow.

The shipper / exporter / booking party will need to give Worldwide Logistics a written certificate of verified gross mass for each and every export container. Estimated weights will NOT be acceptable. Many carriers and terminals plan on adopting a “No VGM, No Load” or “No VGM, No Gate-In” policy. Containers that are missing VGM or have incorrect VGM when arriving at the terminal may be subject to a DO NOT LOAD from the carrier or require the container to be removed from the terminal until VGM is submitted/corrected.

There are two accepted methods shippers must use in order to calculate VGM:

Method 1:           Weigh the entire loaded container.

Method 2:           Weigh the cargo, any packaging/bracing/dunnage used, and the container’s tare weight. Tare weights are listed on the container’s door or are available on the carrier’s website.

Any weighing equipment (scale, weighbridge, lifting equipment, etc.) used to weigh the contents of the container must meet the applicable accuracy standards and requirements of the country or state in which the equipment is being used.

Worldwide Logistics has prepared a blank certificate that will be issued to clients along with the rest of the standard export documentation. The form contains all needed information for Worldwide Logistics to properly submit VGM to the carrier who will in turn transmit to the terminal. The shipper will be required to sign the completed form confirming the weight declared is accurate and true, and undertake liability if it is found differently by the carriers or any recognized authority.

Despite the prospective warnings from carriers regarding VGM compliance, most local authorities already announced they will not weigh the containers as they are delivered to the terminal.  A grace period of approximately 3-months will begin for VGM submissions starting July 1st until procedures for global VGM compliance are agreed among all carriers and terminals. Worldwide Logistics will use this time to assist clients in streamlining the SOLAS requirements into a part of their standard export process.

Please contact your local Worldwide Logistics representative if you have any questions regarding verified gross mass and subscribe to our newsletter for further updates on SOLAS implementation.

Worldwide Logistics Limited Establishes New Offices in India

Worldwide Logistics has opened two new offices in India’s major commercial hubs capitalizing on the growth of international cargo movement to and from India.

The new offices, operating under the name WWL India Private Limited, are another part of Worldwide Logistics’ rapid global expansion. The Worldwide Logistics Group of Companies are already among the top ten forwarders by volume worldwide and enter the India market as a major competitor to existing forwarding companies in India rather than a newcomer.

Joseph Monaghan, President of Worldwide Logistics, took a step toward establishing a presence in the India logistics service industry in 2011 with the creation of a separate company, India Maritime Agency LLC (IMAL). After 5 successful years of IMAL’s operation, Mr. Monaghan recognized that his flagship company, Worldwide Logistics Limited, could directly benefit from a local operation in the India scene. Several months later, WWL India Pvt. Ltd. became fully operational on May 2nd 2016 in Mumbai and May 9th 2016 in New Delhi.

Mr. Monaghan provided an outline of the Company’s plans for India, “We are very excited about the potential of the India market. The offices in Mumbai and Delhi are just Phase 1 of our operation in India. Later this year Worldwide will be opening additional offices in other economic centers around the country.”

At the completion of Phase 1, the WWL India offices are expected to reach a staff strength of about 15 in each location. The second phase of the expansion taking place in the latter half of 2016 will add additional offices in Baroda, Moradabad, Tuticorin, Jodhpur and Ludhiana. The last announced phase taking place in 2017 will focus on new offices in southern and eastern India.

Spearheading the WWL India team is Mr. Manish Verma, a 15 year veteran of the logistics services industry whose experience is acutely focused on trade between India and the US. Mr. Verma will serve as the Managing Director of WWL India seated at the company’s headquarters in New Delhi. “We have assembled a team of the best industry professionals and have received immediate support from day one by the world-class network of offices and agents of Worldwide Logistics Ltd. This combination readies WWL India for great success.”

 

Office Locations:

NEW DELHI
Worldwide Logistics, Ltd.
WWL India Private Limited
Corporate Office #DTJ1116, 11th Floor, DLF Tower B
Jasola District Centre, New Delhi 110044 INDIA
Tel: +91 11 46061234
Fax: +91 11 46061235

 

MUMBAI
Worldwide Logistics, Ltd.
WWL India Private Limited
#139, 1st Floor, Adarsh Industrial Estate
Sahar Road, Andheri (East), Mumbai 400099 INDIA

Boston Direct Call Port Update

By Don Hardy

Opinion

We reported back in February that there is some speculation that the CKYH+E alliance may cease all water direct call service to Boston. Depending on who you talk to there are different opinions on the future of direct port calls to Boston from Asia. The port is optimistic that there will continue to be a direct call to the port of Boston.  The ocean carrier sales representatives are advising that the direct call service to Boston will stay.  However, when chatting with the ocean carriers in China, there seems to be some doubt.

The ocean carriers are moving to much larger ships and fewer port of calls. For the very short term it seems likely that the carriers will continue to call on Boston albiet with reduced capacity and calling frequency.  In the long term, the threat that direct carriers may eliminate calling Boston still looms.

Key Events

  • Recently, Cosco moved an 8500 container ship through Boston (Paul W. Conley Terminal) and was successful in handling the vessel.
  • The CKYH+E alliance is supposed to make a short term decision on port calls in the next 60 days.
  • In late June 2016, the widened Panama Canal is set to open. Some carriers are considering increasing their Panama all water vessel size this summer from 4500 TEUs to 8000 TEUs, and there is concern that smaller ports like Boston will not be able to handle the larger vessels.
  • In late 2017, the navigational clearance at the Bayonne Bridge will be completed, raising the structure to accommodate larger ships sailing underneath. Maher Terminal, APMT, Global Terminal and PNCT at the port of NY/NJ require vessels to pass under the Bayonne Bridge to access their facility.

Challenges

  • Boston port can only handle container ships stacked five containers high. This is a limitation of the cranes that unload the containers, but larger vessels can stack eight containers high.
  • Due to FAA restrictions, the cranes cannot be raised as they are too close to Logan Airport flight paths.
  • Boston has a nine foot tide swing. Vessels have to call the port on high tide.
  • Container ships call on NJ/NY ports first before heading north to Boston. After calling Boston, vessels travel southwards to southern ports.

Our  Options

Worldwide Logistics will continue to closely observe any new information regarding direct all water transit service to Boston.  For the short term, the carriers are providing rates and sailing schedules for Boston port calls.  Fortunately, two of the key carriers we work with, namely Cosco and Yang Ming, have long featured a direct call at Boston in their vessel rotation.

However we need absolute preparedness in the event that this service is suspended or disrupted to the point where other options are required.

Similar to Boston, Worldwide Logistics currently services tens of thousands of containers without service disruption through the port of NY/NJ.  Some terminals at NY/NJ are congested and some have high tolls leaving the area. Our primary terminal is not congested and is not subject to the toll.   Thanks to our expansive drayage network, we will be able to provide customs clearance in either New York or Boston ports.

We are hoping that the carriers will continue to recognize the important client base in New England. We are trying to deliver that message, however we must be prepared for the reality of the mega-ships and reduced ports of call.  Worldwide Logistics always endeavors to be on the front end of any regulatory, market or industry changes, keeping clients equipped with effective solutions.

Jawaharlal Nehru Port Poised to Hit Record Volume

http://www.joc.com/port-news/asian-ports/port-jawaharlal-nehru/jawaharlal-nehru-port-likely-top-previous-teu-high-fiscal-year_20160303.html

Despite slowing global trade and off-and-on labor disruptions as well as other infrastructure woes, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, India’s biggest public container handler, will most likely surpass its annual 2014-15 record throughput of 4.47 million 20-foot-equivalent units in the current fiscal year, which ends March 31, an analysis of the newest port figures collected by JOC.com show.

JNPT’s total containerized exports and imports edged up 0.6 percent in the first 11 fiscal months through the end of February compared to the same period in the previous fiscal year, to 4.1 million TEUs. Throughput during February was up 3 percent year-over-year to 368,957 TEUs, according to the latest figures.

By terminal, APM Terminals-operated Gateway Terminals India, which loads the majority of the containers passing through JNPT, moved 1.71 million TEUs in the 11-month period, down 7 percent from 1.84 million TEUs during April 2014 to February 2015, while its volume during February dropped 5.26 percent from the previous month to 153,928 TEUs.

Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal, DP World’s flagship facility at JNPT, saw traffic plunge 12.3 percent year-over-year during April 2015 to February to 924,186 TEUs, but its container-handling during February picked up dramatically, jumping by 39 percent from the prior month to 72,430 TEUs, reflecting restoration of cargo operations at full speed at the private terminal after a period of industrial unrest, which ended Jan. 23. That growth also may have been thanks to drayage improvements brought on by the introduction of automated gate systems.

Nhava Sheva (India) Gateway Terminal, the Dubai-headquartered group’s new, second facility in the harbor, racked up 164,894 TEUs in the first 11 fiscal months with a total of 73 ship calls. NSIGT, which had been operating to its partial capacity since early last year, was officially inaugurated by DP World Chairman Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem during his recent visit to Mumbai.

By contrast, state-owned Jawaharlal Nehru Container Terminal continued its upward march, driven by equipment upgrades and new service additions. The public facility increased its throughput by 10.15 percent year-over-year during April 2015 to February to 1.3 million TEUs, according to the data.

JNPT accounts for roughly 60 percent of the containers handled at India’s 12 major state-owned ports and about 40 percent of the nation’s overall containerized ocean freight. The port administration continues to work on easing supply chain bottlenecks in an effort to stay ahead of anticipated trade growth and cope with rising competition from nearby private terminals, especially Mundra.

The west coast port last month announced a new, simplified “direct port delivery” program for import cargo in order to allow more shippers to use the green-channel facility. In addition, customs authorities at Nhava Sheva have lifted a procedure requiring truckers to present gate-in permits issued electronically in hard copy form for export cargo.